The Khan Palace – The historical architectural monument of XVIII century in Nakhchivan. The monument built in the Eastern architectural style was the residence of Nakhchivan khans till the beginning of XX century. The palace was built by Kalbali khan Kangarli, the father of the last Nakhchivan khan Ehsan khan at the end of XVIII century. The Khan Palace has been acting as the Nakhchivan Carpet Museum since April of 1998. The Khan Palace was built in the West of the palace complex with 3600 m2area, according to the relief of the khan diki (the hill of khan) facing the direction of the sunrise. In the Khan Palace complex there is a subsidiary building of 42x8 m capacity, the newly built pool, a water well, a strip of greenness, decorative and fruit trees. The building is of two storey. Before the palace consisted of two separate parts. The south part was considered for the administrative works and receiving very high ranked guests but the Northern part was considered for the family of the khan. The entrance to the parts was through the arched corridor of the two storey balcony. Between the parts there was arranged an inside passage. As the corridors were arranged before the façade it gives a special beauty to the building. The red sand covered stairs lead to the corridors.
Around the stairs were built of bricks and enforced with the wooden banisters. The total area of the Khan Palace is 382 m2, the thickness of the walls changes between 60cm-1,1m. The building was built of bricks 20x20x5 cm of size. The windows were used of the lattice system and recesses of different sizes characteristic for the Nakhchivan dwelling houses were used in all the rooms. There are three rooms on the ground floor, 8 rooms (2 halls) on the first floor and 2 mansars on the vestibules used as rooms. From the both mansars there is an exit to the open balconies over the corridors. By means of the brick stairs opened in the vestibules the people go up to the mansars. The South hall of the Khan Palace is more luxurious. A stage from couch was arranged in the South part of the hall, aimed for the guests, at 40 cm height from the floor. The windows of the couched corner were designed from floor to ceiling with the frame works but the ceiling with small mirror pieces neatily. The other walls of the hall were worked with the recesses, botanical and ploty paintings.
Later there carried out restoration and reconstruction works the paintings were blotted out or were over plastered. The fire-place in the Southern wall around which was decorated with the geometric forms and pieces of mirror rise the mightiness of the hall. The building was heated by means of the two fire-places arranged in the walls. The Khan Palace has been acting as the Nakhchivan Carpet Museum since April of 1998. The museum consists of 8 halls, one of which was dedicated to the Nakhchivan khans. Though at the early days of its establishment there were 359 objects, at present the number of them is more than 2000 (305 carpets). Almost the samples of all kinds of carpets (piled, gaba, zili and unpiled, sumakh, varni, kilim, palaz (rug), shadda, jejim and others) and the carpet products (mafrash, saddle-bag, carpet bag, large bag and so on) are exhibited. The carpet examples of Ganja-Gazakh, Guba-Shirvan, Garabagh, Tabriz-Nakhchivan carpet schooling of XVIII-XIX centuries are kept in the museum. According to their cheshnis, together with “Gollu jiji”, “Pirabadil”, “Alpan”, “Gadim afshan”, “Ovchulug”, “Zili”, “Kohna buta”, “Nakhchivan”, “Gasimushagi”, and others, the ploty carpets (the carpet in which the portrait of Heydar Aliyev, national leader of the Azerbaijan people, was woven (the People’s Artist K.Aliyev) “Leyli and Majnun”, “Garabagh manzarasi”, “Boz gurdlar”, “Ganja gozali” and others) are also of great importance. The home-stuffs, brazier samples, pottery and china wares, the ancient male and female national clothes are exhibited in the museum.