Nakhchivan city – The capital of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. The territory is 191,82 km2 , population 85,7 thousand (01.08.2011). The distance form Nakhchivan to Baki is 536 km. It is one of the oldest cities of Azerbaijan.
It is situated on the junction of a big industrial, scientific and cultural center, an important railway and automobile transport. There is an International Airport.
The city of Nakhchivan is situated in the plainland of Nakhchivan on the bank of the Nakhchivanchay. The climate is continental. The average temperature is – 3,8 0C in January, 26,9 0C in July and amount of the annual precipitation is 236 mm.
There are: a military cadet school named after Heydar Aliyev, 3 High Schools, 3 secondary professional schools, 19 secondary schools, the Nakhchivan branch of ANAS, Nakhchivan State Musical Drama Theatre named after J.Mammadguluzadeh, the Puppet Theatre, The Children’s Theatre, The Philarmonic, The Picture Gallery, The Olympic Sport Complex named after Ilham Aliyev, the swimming center, the sport complex and stadium of “Dynamo”, the Chess Center, 7 out of school institutions and 9 preschool educational institutions, 8 libraries, 4 club institutions, 10 museums, 6 musical schools, Nakhchivan Tourism Information Center, 3 cultural and rest parks, “Ganjlik” Center, the Diagnostics Treatment Center, Maternity Center, 14 hospitals, State organs and other service infrastructures in Nakhchivan.